Ivory in Demand

Ever wonder what the Chinese obsession with ivory was all about? It’s one of the cultural markers that haven’t been killed off by the Cultural Revolution and Western influence, and Chinese want to keep.  According to this BBC investigative article, ivory is in high demand because for some, it’s for luck and for others, it’s to show off their status.

I have seen people wear small ivory tusk necklaces (about the length of the average person’s index finger) as a good-luck charm or a family heirloom.  There are also fakes.  I don’t have the answer on how to test its authenticity, but if someone chances upon this post and has the answer, please comment below.  People also carve ivory, big and small, and oftentimes the artwork will take your breath away.

A carved ivory ship model, with an ID card that does not match, in a legal ivory shop (BBC)
A carved ivory ship model, with an ID card that does not match, in a legal ivory shop. (BBC)

Returning to the BBC article, ivory is supposed to be regulated, with government-authorized licences to sell ivory, but lots of smuggling goes on.  This means that poaching goes on, and where and what animals are being poached? African elephants.

Yang Feng Glan (CNN)
Yang Feng Glan (CNN)

The “Queen of Ivory” (Yang Feng Glan) is a Chinese woman, who was recently arrested in Tanzania for smuggling $2.5 million worth of elephant tusks.  I copied and pasted the article below from CNN.  Visit the source for a short video on elephant decimation.

‘Queen of Ivory’ arrested in Tanzania

(CNN)A Chinese woman nicknamed the “Queen of Ivory” has been arrested in Tanzania and charged with smuggling at least 706 elephant tusks that authorities say are worth about $2.5 million.

Yang Feng Glan, 66, is thought to be the most notorious ivory trafficker arrested in East Africa in the last decade. She ran a sophisticated supply chain between East Africa and China for about 10 years, Tanzanian authorities say. Many of her suppliers were also arrested.

“Across Africa, they keep arresting small fish here and there,” said Andrea Costa, a spokesman for the Elephant Action League, a nonprofit group that fights crime against wildlife. “They have finally caught a big fish.”

Glan is thought to have come to Tanzania as a Swahili-Chinese translator in 1975, when China began to build a railway in the East African nation, according to Elephant Action League. Tanzanian law enforcement says she began trafficking ivory as far back as 2006.

Described as “extremely wealthy and extremely connected” in China and Tanzania, Glan owned businesses, including a large restaurant, in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania’s largest city, and she was even serving as the secretary general of the Tanzania-China Africa Business Council.

A source close to the investigation told CNN that Glan was under surveillance when, on September 28, an elite police task force swooped in on her in Dar es Salaam. After a brief car chase, she was apprehended. She appeared before Tanzania’s High Court on Thursday and was denied bail.

This counts as a major success for Tanzania, which is referred to by some as ground zero of elephant poaching in Africa. The East African nation has lost almost two-thirds of its elephants in the last decade, the Environmental Investigation Agency, a UK-based nongovernmental organization,said in a report last year.

The arrest was carried out through a new specialized wildlife trafficking unit, part of a larger task force on serious crimes known as the Tanzanian National and Transnational Serious Crimes Investigation Unit. Sources say the unit has arrested at least one wildlife trafficker per day since its inception.

Government spokesman Assah Mwambene says the government, through the elite unit, has “stepped up Tanzania’s war on poaching.”

Many say the issue is with demand, and China has long been cast as the source of the problem as the largest ivory importer in the world.

“The elephant species is in the hands of the Chinese President,” Costa said. “Once the President decides to close down the legal market of ivory and elephant in China, the poaching of elephants will end.”

The Chinese government has recently made strides to reduce the ivory trade in the country.

In September, Chinese President Xi Jinping and U.S. President Barack Obama made history by announcing that the two countries would protect elephants from the poaching crisis with nearly complete bans on ivory imports and exports, promising “significant and timely steps to halt the domestic commercial trade of ivory.”

http://edition.cnn.com/2015/10/09/africa/tanzania-elephant-ivory-queen-arrest/index.html

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Leanne

I began writing Elle's Adventure in China (EACh) in June 2014 as a fun summer project, but as obstacles kept interfering with my plans, I forked and forked more options. I took writing this novel much more seriously in mid-July, and want to have it officially published someday in my lifetime. As many artists put their hearts into their projects, so do I. I did not start out liking to read, but a professor suggested a book for me for homework a few years ago, and it was an amazing book. Since then, I read for pleasure, and I hope my novel, Elle's Adventure in China, does the same for as many of you as possible. The same thing goes to writing. I did not like to write until I took a course where the professor and papers made me love to write. I hope every one of you find what makes you happy and dedicated to work. In May 2015, I started my other blog, Read and Write Here (R&WH), as a place to post other things that aren't China- and Chinese culture-related and not EACh. I share some of my memories and experiences from student teaching, irregular participation in Daily Prompts, etc. I'd like to have regular people and bloggers to write book reviews and post it on R&WH someday. Keep reading and writing!

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