China’s attempt at population control is admirable. India tried to implement birth control (as in limiting births) as well but it didn’t turn out well for Indira Gandhi, who is Mahatma Gandhi’s daughter and the Prime Minister at the time. She received death threats when she initially introduced it, so it didn’t take.
China has more so successfully implemented population control with its all-seeing, overbearing government. There are much fewer children being born, which the government now sees in economic instability and lack of social security for the elderly.
The One Child Policy was really a One Pregnancy Policy. Chinese people are creative, clever, and intelligent. If couples had the money, the wives got fertility treatments so they would give birth to twins, triples, maybe even quadruplets. Remember several years back when a Chinese mother had identical quadruplets, so to help their teacher tell them apart, the mother shaved her quadruplets’ heads with a number ranging from 1-4? This was how Chinese couples with money have multiple kids while still obeying the One Child Policy.
There was a less expensive tactic. A Han Chinese (majority ethnic group, at least 90% of the population) would marry a person of another ethnic group that was allowed to have two children. This way, they could legally have two kids. The derogatory term the article copied and pasted from MSN, which came from AFP, below, was unheard of for me.
Farm families were also allowed two children because they needed hands on the farm, which they tended to live in rural areas.
But if you were wealthy enough to handle the fines and no medical care for the second child or subsequent children (the Chinese government pays for medical care), then you would have the second child or subsequent children at your expense and no paperwork for that/those child(ren). That also means that/those child(ren) could not be registered for school, an essential part of Chinese culture and life. However, people had a way around it: by bribing officials to create paperwork for their child(ren) so they can lead a relatively normal life.
Couldn’t couples just adopt? The government encourages people to adopt. People don’t want to because of the bad qi (energy, life force) suspected of those children to possess. “I would get bad luck if I adopt a child who was unwanted in the first place” is the mentality. They will take in child(ren) of relatives if the relatives died.
There was a policy a few years ago where if you followed the law (One Child Policy) and your child followed the law, then your grandchild could have two children. So, if you were an only child and you gave birth to an only child, then your grandchild could have two children.
Any questions? If so, post them in the comments box. If not, the article is below.
China officially ends one child policy: state media
China officially ended its one child policy on Sunday with the signing into law of a bill allowing all married couples to have a second child as it attempts to cope with an ageing population and shrinking workforce.
The change, which was announced in October by the ruling Communist Party, takes effect from January 1, the Xinhua news agency reported.
All married couples will be allowed to have a second child but the legislation maintains limits on additional births.
The “one child policy”, instituted in the late 1970s, restricted most couples to only a single offspring and for years authorities argued that it was a key contributor to China’s economic boom and had prevented 400 million births.
It has been enforced by a dedicated national commission with a system of fines for violators and often forced abortions, leading to heartrending tales of loss for would-be parents.
The policy led to sex-selective abortions or infanticide targeting girls, because of a centuries-old social preference for boys.
Rural families were already allowed two children if the first was a girl, while ethnic minorities were allowed an extra offspring, leading some to dub it a “one-and-a-half child” policy.
As a result China’s population — the world’s largest at 1.37 billion — is now ageing rapidly, gender imbalances are severe, and its workforce is shrinking.
These concerns led to limited reforms in 2013, including allowing couples to have two children if either of them was an only child, but relatively few have taken up the opportunity due to limited income and higher perceived opportunity costs.
Experts say that the shift to a two child policy is likely too little, too late to address China’s looming population crisis and that the government is unlikely to dismantle enforcement mechanisms for reproductive control due to deeply entrenched bureaucratic interests.