The Tiananmen Square Massacre was on June 4, 1989. Protesters were Chinese college students returning from studying abroad, who were introduced to democratic ideas, and wanted democracy in their own country. However, the Chinese leader at the time, Li Peng, chose not to go with these demands or make any compromises. Instead, he declared martial law and sent troops to the Square and many protesters were killed. According to one primary source, soldiers who were sent to suppress the protest didn’t want to do it, but they had to follow orders or face punishment.
From CNN. They have a fantastic image gallery on the protest prior to the massacre up till the event. I copied and pasted a few from CNN. I’ve also included an article from TIME on 6 Things You Should Know About the Tiananmen Square Massacre after the CNN article. Visit TIME for two videos on the massacre, one of which is the iconic tank driving toward a man.
Tens of thousands in Hong Kong commemorate Tiananmen Square massacre
Hong Kong (CNN)Tens of thousands of people in Hong Kong attended events across the city Saturday to mark the 27th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre in China, amid a split in the pro-democracy movement that could radically transform the city’s politics.
Leading student groups boycotted the decades-old candlelit vigil held in Victoria Park, over complaints the event has become “rigid” and too focused on Chinese issues, rather than advancing democracy in Hong Kong. One group even denounced the vigil organizers — members of the Hong Kong Alliance — as “pimps in a brothel.”